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Discussion on the alienation of academic power in universities and Its solution

作者:LIHong-xiuZHANGXin 来源:大学教育科学 论文栏目:教育论文     更新时间:2018-11-07   浏览

Abstract: With the advent of the popularization of higher education, the phenomenon of alienation of academic power in universities is not uncommon. University academic power of alienation in essence is that, in the university academic management, the academic staff should possess academic morality, academic spirit and norms of putting the cart before the horse of changes have taken place in the academic system. And the compulsory force which originally guaranteed the smooth operation of academic activities and academic affairs has become the motive force to restrict or even hinder the academic development, so that it can promote the academic prosperity and development. In addition, the function of promoting academic freedom has changed in nature and deviated from the original intention and running track of academic power. Academic power alienation will weaken the creditworthiness of academic power in the public psychology, and deviate from the track of academic logic of university. It will damage the academic reputation of the university, reduce the running efficiency of the university and affect the academic development of the scholar, and even hinder the promotion of the academic level and the future development of the university. The good operation of university academic power is conducive to maintaining the internal power ecology and promoting the smooth development of academic affairs.

The reasons for the alienation of academic power are various. One is that the intervention of government power. There is an inevitable connection between university and the government. The government still supervises and controls the school's activities through various forms of supervision and control. At the same time, the government will also imperceptibly infiltrate the administrative color into the university management, and will have an "uneasy" attitude towards the independent running of a university. This will inevitably oppress the freedom of academic vitality. The second one is that the restraint of the administrative power of universities. At present, there is also the existence of administrative power in the management of university scholarship besides the core academic power. The manager has not clarified the boundary of the two powers. As a result, both kinds of power would be overlaid into each other's authority, resulting in the "administrative" situation of academic power. That is to say, colleges and universities will have the characteristics of being "suppressed" by administrative power in the distribution of academic subjects and the management of academic activities. Academic resources will be unfairly allocated due to administrative power, which leads to the weakening of academic power. The third one is that the distortion of scholars' values. Once the network of relationships formed on the basis of human relations or interest relations infiltrates into the structure of academic organizations, it is easy to bring down the spiritual pillars of academic nature. It is easy to make academic spirit pillar crushed, alienation of academic power which will happen in the process of running. The fourth one is that the supervision system of academic power is not perfect. If the supervision system of coordinating the relationship between the two powers in the university is not perfect, it is difficult to fundamentally solve the conflict between administrative power and academic power in university. Therefore, the prevention of the alienation of academic power in universities requires a variety of approaches. One is to clarify the relationship between the government and the university. At present, the relationship between the government and the university has changed, and the government is no longer the sole organizer of the university. The university should have certain autonomy and give full play to their academic autonomy. The government should adopt a macro-management model to change the situation of total control and even hegemonic interference in academic activities in the past. Guide and supervise the university by planning the overall situation and the pattern of future development. In the management of colleges and universities, the two parties should act according to the constitution, not exceed their respective competence, and guarantee the autonomy of school management. The second is to clarify the boundary between academic power and administrative power. Regulating the relationship between the two rights and the determination of the boundary between the two rights becomes the key point to solve the alienation of academic power. In order to adjust the space of academic power, the authority of academic affairs should be shifted down. At the same time, it should be noted that the implementation function of administrative power is not the hegemonic control but the function of service promotion, so that academic researchers become the real main carrier of the academic. The third one is to return to the source of academic power in universities. The key to the long-term development of academia is to constantly cultivate the academic spirit and ensure that scholars conduct scientific research independently. Universities should pay close attention to changing the phenomenon of eager academic achievements and instant gains. Desalinate the idea that scholars pursue personal interests, and resist the phenomenon of the loss of academic power. The fourth one is to establish a supervisory mechanism of academic power in universities. The supervision mechanism should start from two aspects of inside and outside, internal supervision to ensure that the academic affairs running program publicity, at the same time, it should open up various ways to facilitate the reconsideration or appeal by different scholars, and safeguard the academic rights and interests of the disadvantaged groups in academic circles. External supervision should regulate the internal management rules and regulations from the state power and social forces to ensure the quality of academic power within the university.

Key word: academic power; alienation; reason; strategy; university autonomy

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